Thought for the day

"The great majority of mankind are satisfied with appearances, as though they are realities, and are often even more influenced by the things that seem than by those that are." -- Niccoló Machiavelli, "The Discourses." 1517.

At least 10 armed groups in Colombia, including former members of the FARC rebels who reject a peace deal and the Clan del Golfo crime gang, have agreed to participate in unilateral ceasefires, the government said on Wednesday.

President Gustavo Petro, who took office in August, has promised to seek "total peace" with armed groups, fully implementing a 2016 peace accord with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and meeting with dissidents and gangs.

Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev embraces staunch communist and general secretary of the Communist Party (SED) Eric Honecker as members of the SED during the 11th SED Party Congress in East Berlin on April 17, 1986.

The socialist fraternal kiss or socialist fraternal embrace was a special form of greeting among the politicians of communist countries. This act demonstrated the special relationship that existed between the socialist states.

At the end of the war, millions were killed and millions were left homeless, the European economy collapsed, and much of European industrial infrastructure was destroyed.

The Soviet Union was also badly affected. The borders were redrawn and homecoming, expulsion and burial was underway. But large-scale reconstruction efforts had just begun.

The Nevado del Ruiz volcano erupted on 13 November 1985. Pyroclastic flows emanating from the crater melted the mountain's icecap, forming lahars (volcanic mud and debris flows), which fell into the river valleys below.

A wave with three pulses did the most damage. Traveling at 6 meters (20 ft) per second, the first pulse engulfed most of the city of Armero, killing 20,000 people; Two pulses later weakened the buildings. Another wave killed 1,800 people in nearby Chinchina. A total of 23,000 people died and 13 villages were destroyed in addition to Armero.

fugitive defense contractor nicknamed “Fat Leonard” who claims to have incriminating sex photos of U.S. Navy brass could become the latest bargaining chip in Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro’s efforts to win official recognition from the Biden administration, according to experts.

As a sequel to the successful 1939 New York World's Fair, the Second World's Fair opened on April 22, 1964, and its theme was "Peace Through Understanding". 650 acres (210 ha) of pavilions, public spaces, and exhibits from around the world.


Countries, cities, corporations and private groups set up shops to display their ideas. The theme symbol was a 12-story, stainless-steel model of the Earth, called the Unisphere, built on the foundations of the Perisphere from the 1939 World's Fair.